Heritage Day September 8, 2019
The monument commemorating the Day of the Open in Germany, Sunday, September 8, 2019, also refers to the 100th anniversary of the Bauhaus under the slogan "Modern (e): breakthroughs in art and architecture". Under the auspices of the building authority of the city of Nuremberg, responsible for the protection of the monuments, several contributors offer the citizens of Nuremberg an overview, explanations and information about their monuments and historic places.
There have always been upheavals in the history of architecture and art, usually accompanied by social upheavals: for example, between the medieval vision of Gothic in the world and the humanistic vision of the Renaissance or the upheavals of the 30-year war and the Baroque that followed. The diverse architectural and artistic styles of Nuremberg's urban landscape are exhibited and explained in seven events: School buildings in the Old Town, from Baroque to modern times, highlight different methods of teaching and learning. learning that allows children and adolescents to acquire life skills. was also "beaten". In part of the former Dominican monastery, where monks prayed and worked, beautiful apartments of the old town are under construction. Not far away, a modern "archive tower" was built on the ancient foundations of a world-renowned patrician residence. Especially in the latter case, these ruptures of art and architecture lead to violent discussions in society and politics.
Frequently, these changes have been violently combated and tempted to prevent, because at the time of industrialization, (less expensive) masonry was beginning to replace traditional sandstone and half-timbered construction in Franconian villages. Eilends founded the "Homeland Security Associations" which have been unleashed against the atypical of the region until then in the design of the constructions and tried to preserve the picturesque urban landscapes. Even the famous bronze epitaphs in the cemeteries of Saint-Jean and Saint-Roch have not been spared by the creative upheavals caused by the Reformation. The way in which the image program of these artistically designed funerary panels has changed is explained by specific examples. Serious changes in society and the way of life of human beings were born when the tools were no longer in bronze, but in iron. A major excavation at Garlic Land opens a window to this past and allows participants to participate in this development during the Open Monument Day.
Every year, the Open Monument Day takes place according to a specific motto proposed by the German National Heritage Committee. The population is thus made accessible to industrial monuments and monuments, industrial monuments, mobile monuments and archaeological sites, which can be visited at all or only to a limited extent.
On Sunday, September 8, 2019, the following events can be visited:
1. Baroque to modern school buildings in the old town
The first high school in Germany, the "Schola Aegidiana" founded by Philipp Melanchthon, was located in Nuremberg, on Egidienberg, right next to the Egidienkirche. The original building was a rape of flames, of which the Romanesque church was also a victim. The Baroque building, whose facade dominates the Egidienberg, was built mainly after the Second World War. The dramatic increase in population at the end of the 19th century required many school buildings for children of newcomers. These schools looked like more palaces and castles with their facade decorations. The former school of Scharrergymnasium, originally an elementary school, recalls the time when students, carefully separated by boys and girls, stepped out on their own by powerful doors to admire the teacher on school desks perfectly aligned and locked to the ground. who was sitting at his desk on a raised pedestal. The post-war softens the lessons of schoolchildren with groups of tables arranged in generously-lit classrooms for group work and embellishes the school building with all kinds of colorful art in construction. The new Willstätter Gymnasium on the Innere Laufer Platz features colorful mosaics, a splashing fountain and large sgraffito paintings on the walls.
Guided tours: from 11h to 15h every half hour
to the ancient Melanchthongymnasium (to be visited only from the outside), through the former building of Scharrergymnasium up to the Willstättergymnasium by members of the service of construction, to the preservation of monuments and at Stadtheimatpflegerin Dr. med. Claudia Maué.
Meeting point: Egidienplatz, near Melanchthondenkmal, without obstacles.
Public transport: Bus 36 Egidienplatz
2. The Dominican monastery over time
The bombing left only the north wing of the former Dominican monastery, which formerly occupied the area between the Stöpselgasse and the Theresienstraße. The monastery was built from the 13th century, the north wing of the 14th century. Here were mainly furnished monk cells. After the Reformation, apartments were built. The pastors and deacons of Saint Sebald lived here a few years ago. After being sold to an investor, the buildings are being repaired and restored. Here should be rented apartments. The archaeological society, which carried out the excavations in and around the building, is on site and makes interesting discoveries.
Visits: 11h to 15h
Guided tours: 12h and 14h
by employees of S & P Stadtbauprojekt and the Wirth architecture office.
Meeting point: Burgstraße 6, easy access, construction site, sturdy shoes required.
Public transport: Bus 36 Rathaus
3. Society and politics – the reconstruction of the Pellerhaus
No other building in Nuremberg is currently leading to such controversial discussions as the Pellerhaus. Lawyers and opponents of the postwar reconstruction or preservation of architecture are fighting far and wide in the family. After all, there is nothing less than the demolition of a monument of the reconstruction period, some consider the "spot", the other as "the icon of the modernity". Guided tours highlight what this monument means to society and why it is important not to erase the history of the city.
Guided tours: 14h and 16h
by members of the ProPellerhaus initiative.
Meeting point: Egidienplatz 23, Pellerhaus, partially without obstacles.
Public transport: Bus 36 Egidienplatz
4. Archeology in the land of garlic
Garlic land has been a settlement area for thousands of years. Many discoveries dating back to the end of the Bronze Age (around 1300 BC), such as book holes, ceramic chips, but also accessories for looms, announce the management sandy but fertile soils. Numerous are also the legacies of the Celts, the country of garlic of about 500 BC. Colonized until the beginning of the era. In order to create residential and industrial spaces, future construction sites in Schmalau are being studied to document these results for posterity.
Explanations: between 10h and 17h The archaeologist of the city, John P. Zeitler, and the members of the Archaeological Association of Nuremberg visited the excavation site at the meeting point: Boxdorf-Schmalau excavation area , at the corner of Steinacher Straße / Wiesbadener Straße, good shoes required, without obstacles.
Public transport: Bus 178, 179, 260 Steinacher Straße
Note: The work on the advertised posters, the excavations at Wetzendorf north of the old Parlerstraße are already completed and the archaeologists have stopped their work here. The event is canceled.
5. Change and preservation – Influences of the reform on the epitaphs of Saint-Roch cemetery
The Reformation in Nuremberg did not bring about as much upheaval as in other areas. Thus, there was no iconoclasm, which resulted in the loss of exceptional religious art works, even in the liturgy, which was partly related to ancient things . Nevertheless, the religious world of the people's thinking has changed. This is evidenced by changes in the content of epitaph inscriptions, while representations of protective saints or protective saints have continued to be used for a long time. The guides will show such examples.
Guided tours: at 11am and 3pm
by the doctor med. Adalbert Ruschel of the Verein Nürnberger Epitaphienkunst and
culture e. V.
Meeting point: At the Rochuskapelle in the cemetery, not without obstacle, because the paths are narrow.
Public transport: U 1, 2, 3, bus 34, 36 Plärrer
6. Tile-resistant masonry in the village
In the 19th century, industrialization brought about architectural changes in the villages of the land of garlic. Instead of half-timbered houses and sandstone, new rural buildings were built, built of exposed brick, which was previously unknown in the design of the facade of the village of Middle Franconia. After that, "security associations of the territory" tried to prevent this situation, which was also successful during the thirties. Nevertheless, there are a number of buildings in Garlicland, which were built in this "new design". During a bike tour lasting several hours, some of these houses are considered closer.
Bike tour: 10h, 11h and 14h
by members of the Bauernhausfreunde Nürnberg e.V.
Meeting point: Am Wegfeld tram stop, no barrier, please bring bicycles.
Public transport: tram line 4 Am Wegfeld
7. General's building of the former commander
of the III. army corps
Who knows today that the building resembling a villa of 30 Bucher Strasse was once the building of the commander of a Bavarian general? In 1908, the estate was built with several outbuildings and served until the dissolution of the Army Corps in 1928 as General Commandant's headquarters as a residence and service. From 1926 until today, there are state offices. During the guided tours, it will be explained the historical development and use, as well as the recently completed reconstruction measures.
Guided tours: from 11h to 16h every hour
by employees of the National Board of Construction.
Meeting point: Bucher Straße 30 entrance.
Public transport: U2 or tram 4 Friedrich-Ebert-Platz
This year again, an illustrated booklet of 5 euros will be available for the Nuremberg program. On almost 100 pages, most of the monuments and stations that can be visited on the day of the open monument are presented. The brochure is available on the day of the monument open to individual objects, then to the building code, monument protection and building site.