If the trainees' vocational school is 174 kilometers away

ATAt the beginning of September, many young people return to school. Others began in August. However, by far not all trainees find a suitable job nearby. Travel is already a problem for young professionals because distance is a growing problem, especially in rural areas. As many trainees are still too young to get their driver's license and their own car – or can not afford or want a car.

"The accessibility of training companies is a major topic for trainees in the craft sector, especially in rural areas," said Frank Zopp, spokesman for the Central Association of German crafts (ZDH). Public transport is often inadequate and the routes longer, with companies increasingly displaced to the suburbs. In addition, high rents in agglomerations contribute to long journeys. Where there is apprenticeship, trainees often find housing that is difficult to afford.

According to the Institute for Employment Research (IAB), trainees travel an average of 33 km in the Federated States of West Germany and 51 km in the states of East Germany. Every 25th trainee living in East Germany travels to the West. Trainees living in Berlin who do not work in the capital take a particularly long trip: they travel an average of 174 kilometers.

Most commuters are in the countryside in big cities

With the so-called commuter atlas of the Federal Employment Agency, it is possible to see exactly how far trainees can enter or leave all districts. Most commuters should be on the outskirts of big cities. According to the IAB, a good training venue attracts especially apprentices from outside, as well as Schwerin, Jena, Erfurt and Potsdam, especially in Bayreuth and Bamberg.

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