Many companies lack trainees. For the new generation, businesses must be creative. Also so that apprentices can come to the workplace.
Berlin (dpa / fb) l New apprentices have been working in companies since early September. However, by far not all trainees find a suitable job nearby. Travel is already a problem for young professionals because distance is a growing problem, especially in rural areas. As many trainees are still too young to get their driver's license and their own car – or can not afford it. "The accessibility of training companies is a major topic for trainees in the craft sector, especially in rural areas," said Frank Zopp, spokesman for the Central Association of German crafts (ZDH). Public transport is often inadequate and the routes longer, with companies increasingly displaced to the suburbs.
According to the Institute for Research on Employment (IAB), trainees in West Germany travel an average of 33 kilometers and in Germany from east to 51 kilometers. Every 25th trainee living in East Germany travels to the West. Trainees living in Berlin who do not work in the capital take a particularly long trip: they travel an average of 174 kilometers.
A fifth less professional students in 2035
In addition, for some apprentices, access to the vocational school is more complex than for previous generations. According to the Federal Statistical Office, there were more than 1,800 dual vocational schools in 1992, compared to just over 1,500 in 2017/18. ,
In some cases, there is even only one vocational school in the whole country – according to the Conference of Ministers of Culture of 29 professions. For example, all future audiologists will visit Lübeck, Gerber in Reutlingen, asphalt builders in Essen, toy manufacturers in Thuringian Sonneberg and beekeepers in Celle. According to the Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB), around 2,000 apprentices attend federal classes every year.
For long distances up to the vocational high school, the Zentralverband des Deutschen Handwerks offers to digitally connect the premises with a decreasing number of students in larger venues in order to preserve them. The ZDH also considers that public financiers are responsible for guaranteeing rural public transport. It should not be reduced to the benefit of the most commonly used public transport systems in urban areas. Until now, only six states had introduced a student ticket similar to the semester ticket for students.
In Saxony-Anhalt, debate on the apprentice ticket
In Saxony, Anhalt has long been discussing an introduction. In mid-August, the SPD parliamentary group increased pressure on Transport Minister Thomas Webel (CDU). She urged the minister to quickly budget his household funds. The Social Democrats suggested that each of the approximately 26,000 trainees in the state could use all public transport at 50 euros a month. According to the SPD, this would be an immense relief, because it would currently be an average of 100 euros per month for travel expenses.
The proposal of the Ministère des Transports stipulates that the ticket is valid for all the trainees' journeys and not only for the courses of the vocational schools, specifies Webel. Apprentices must pay a personal contribution of 65 euros. The total cost would be about 180 euros per month, the difference being equalized by the Ministries of Labor and Education.