During the 2019 Retail Convention, which was held on October 16 at the Stuttgart Haus der Wirtschaft, the content of the country was anything but a romantic retreat. The desolate industrial surgeons with huge land consumption, village centers extinguished and lack of infrastructure sometimes characterize the image of sparsely populated areas. The invited keynote speakers enthusiastically accepted many concepts, processes and examples of best practice in front of more than 150 guests in Stuttgart. Finally, it became clear that the structural development of rural areas crucially depended on the actors, meaning each one of them: from planner and designer to board member, citizen and local junker. Designated. Or, as Verein Landluft says, "Baukultur makes people like you and me!"
"Bad things happen when you leave the city." architect Götz Menzel successfully resisted the advertising slogan of a rental warehouse in Manhattan, which he often met while working in New York for a long time. Since his hometown of Hamburg and his last metropolitan life stations, he has settled in Lower Valais in Switzerland, where he currently lives and runs the office GayMenzel Architekten with his wife. The Duc Houses, which they have redeveloped in Saint-Maurice in the Swiss canton of Valais and have only 4,600 inhabitants, testify to a revitalization with a potential for diffusion. Various uses, including a living space, a gallery and artists' studios, are conceptually integrated in three houses close to Grand Rue, whose buildings date from the 17th century and have been completed by several temporal layers, including the current extension (see detail 9.2019). Even from Lausanne, visitors are now coming to the exhibitions and the project has resulted in the rehearsal of a "Night of the Museums of the City", to which several local cultural institutions participated.
Andreas Glatzl Snøhetta, a global agency, has put forward a context-specific architecture as a key to (re) activating small urban formats and urban boundaries. An example is the perspective path over Innsbruck, which sees itself as a subtle intervention with a significant impact in addition to the existing star architecture. It does not always have to be a sensational project, like the underwater restaurant in Lindesnes, Norway (see details 7-8.2019), which becomes the source of remote corners. Thus, the office named after the highest altitude in Norway has contributed to the revitalization of the Tyrolean village of Wattens thanks to architectural and urban planning measures which, apart from the location of a large crystal glass, had so far offered few incentives to immigrants and visitors. The context is also stopped Georg A. Poensgen from the Koblenz University of Applied Sciences, which, with his own architectural office, created numerous projects in the Eifel region using local materials or design elements and presented them at the congress. Peter Haimerl has pleaded with passion for the role and responsibility of architects in the resuscitation of sparsely populated spaces. His project, Schedlberg in the Bavarian Forest, shows how the donjon-shaped structure of an old farmhouse can be saved and integrated with concrete, a building material. His presentation made it possible to understand why new thinking is needed in architecture and the extent to which builders must respond to end fashionable residential neighborhoods and instead rely on the value of buildings. existing.
The Congress combined basic information and an inventory of rural areas with information on Baukultur initiatives and demonstration projects for public, commercial, private and cultural purposes. Giovanni Netzer invited to a short and inspiring trip to the Julier Pass, where the Origen cultural festival, which he initiated and accompanied by numerous architectural interventions, has created a considerable infrastructure for the 160 inhabitants of the Swiss village of Riom (see details 6.2019). Alpine fallow is a place where you think you can not do anything anymore. But the so-called potentially poor room could also become a "wonderful fallow land". For example, if you remove the classical idea of a theater scene and use the existing structures, you will have an unimaginable space for staging. The landscape represents nature, as lighting technology sometimes provides the sun and hell of Dante has probably never been as well located as in a disused car and tunnel of the Rhaetian Railway . In the end, the mountain village became a workshop. In the meantime, textile crafts with haute couture influences bring their own cultural contribution.
Many wood construction projects have framed the varied agenda of this year's conference. For example, described Fredi D & # 39; Aloisio from the office of Constance D & # 39; Aloisio Architekten on the basis of wooden construction projects in Steißlingen, on Lake Constance, how much convincing work was originally required to apply the method of construction in a contract with a municipality. An excursion to nearby Vorarlberg helped to eliminate prejudices against wooden construction. The design and design potential of the material was demonstrated at a tandem conference. Reinhold Müller from the Müllerblaustein company on the basis of the BUGA wooden pavilion in Heilbronn, where a bionic approach and robot-assisted production of the panel joints have created a carrier structure until then unique. Thomas Steimle Steimle Architekten of Stuttgart has presented the conversion of a century-old barn into a library located in the neighboring town of Lake Constance in Kressbronn. Here, the characteristics of the agricultural structure have been transferred to the new architecture and adapted to the current standard. In the end, a complete job appeared "in which many constituent elements fit together". Even with the new building of the Town Hall of Remchingen, near Pforzheim, the city building office intended for a new center has managed to provide a meeting and communication space.
Markus Lager Kaden + Lager from the Berlin office once again drew attention to the possibilities and opportunities of modern wood construction. The most striking example is the ten-storey Skaio residential tower in Heilbronn, which was completed this year (see detail 10.2019). Conference in tandem with Different hack Contracting company Züblin Timber has made it clear that the demand for wood-based wood construction, which has grown further for the city, has increased rapidly in recent decades and is attracting increasing interest from customers and investors. Finally, the invention of glulam has contributed to this development. A lesson in wood structures offered Christoph Dünser by Hermann Kaufmann and his partners. With the Gaisbach screw factory in Waldenburg, in the south of Germany, a production hall was created, whose remarkable range up to 42 m was made possible only by screw connections and a new node connection. developed for the roof structure based on offset shift. This was done with a specially glued beech wood, Pollmeier's BauBuche.
The participation and role of the individual were also at the center of the symposium. Doris Gugler von Landluft – The Association for the Promotion of Construction Culture in Rural Areas presented processes that ultimately also appeal to communities. On the basis of the Baukultur maps, it became clear which flagship projects existed and for which further development was needed. However, he does not always need experts in the same place to implement Baukultur. Clubs and citizens would also have the strength to promote that. Sabrina Ginter from the Federal Foundation for Building Culture in Potsdam presented many examples that show that Baukultur is a driving force for the development of rural areas. After all, Baukultur has to do with the courage, the risk and the commitment of the different actors to the users. The empty center of the villages titled Korbinian Kroiss from the workshop of non-conforming ideas based in Vienna and Berlin as donut effect. Settlement in the form of a circle of housing and infrastructure around a dying nucleus requires three important countermeasures and culminates in the culinary counterpart, the donut effect being a desirable outcome. This would require internal development prior to external development, even with the prohibition of any future land use, in addition to creating a site-specific "fill-in" and finally, a person who s & # 39; occupies long-term concerns, called "Ortskümmerer". Styria Trofaiach is a successful implementation of its office, in which a successful renaissance took place well beyond the redesign of the city center.
The thematic sub-structure of the symposium was created by representatives of education and politics. We even talked about a double effect of donut in small towns abandoned by research Mark Michaeli of the Department of Sustainable Development of the City and Territory of the Technical University of Munich. In the process, a recovery area, which requires its own internal structure, is located between the center and the single-family house border area. He argued for a better build in everyday life instead of a purely spatial production. For this, it was also necessary to design processes of change in the city and the country. In addition, it would be useful to look at Switzerland, where individual projects are under way and different standards have been approved. Matthias Schuster In its conference, the Chamber of Architects of Baden-Württemberg considered the city and the state not as antagonists, but as structures that could exist side by side. For a better culture of construction, it would require integrated planning and strategies, citizen participation, powerful actors such as municipal councilors, mayors or individuals, as well as exemplary systems of rewards for building design. to encourage the continuation of activities through model projects. Alexander Stokes The Federal Institute for Research on Building, Urban Affairs and Territorial Development in Bonn focused on the diversity of housing markets in rural areas, compiled a comprehensive inventory of regional differences at the federal level and defined the causes of vacancies in contracting areas.
Throughout the day, the detailed editor directed Sandra Hofmeisterwho, for his part, argued for the power and willingness to design processes in rural areas. The question is not whether wood or concrete are the means of choice, but what structures need to be created to promote development. This year, the 2019 congress was supported by the companies Brillux, Lignatur, Müllerblaustein, Pollmeier and Züblin, as well as by the Chamber of Architects of Baden-Württemberg, the Federal Institute of Building, Urban and Space Research of the Federal Office of Building and Spatial Planning, the Bundesstiftung Baukultur, the chamber of engineers of Baden. -Württemberg, Landluft Association and SRL – Association for Urban, Regional and State Planning as an ideal partner.
In the coming year, the Kongress 2020 detail will again be dedicated to an urban theme and will bring together exemplary experiences on the sustainable city under the title "Future Cities". The place and date will be announced at the beginning of 2020.