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The gas chambers of the Stutthof concentration camp were "secret secrets" – Hamburg – Latest neighborhood news

Hamburg. Tragedy. Inhumans. Mark. Ordalie goals. When Marek Dunin-Wasowicz of his time in the Stutthof concentration camp tells and then falls these expressions, which give an idea of ​​what today's 93-year-old Witness during the trial against Bruno D., then guard SS had to cross like a very young man. "Life in a camp, if you call it life, meant hunger. One of them is frozen," describes the man who was deported to Stutthof with his brother on the same day. May 25, 1944.

The fact that people were killed in the gas chamber of the Stutthof concentration camp was an "open secret" among the detainees. "If the detainees were stopped by the SS, at work or at the barracks, and that they never came back, then it was clear that they were murdered," says the old man. .

Bruno D. said he did not know anything about the Stutthof gas chambers

Easily supported by a cane, the Polish witness entered the courtroom in the morning. His eyes briefly touch the accused, then Marek Dunin-Wasowicz turns to the court. The two men, the accused and the witness, are the same age, but they were in different camps of the concentration camp: Marek Dunin-Wasowicz as a prisoner, Bruno D. as security guard.

Bruno D. is already known for his role in the watchtower. The man to whom the prosecutor accused of aiding and abetting murder in 5230 cases said he heard shrieks and rumblings coming from the gas chamber. "But I did not know why, I did not know they were gassed," he said. The accused's gaze now turns on the witness, whose description seems so different. Who speaks of the "secret of open fire" killings.

"The path of freedom passes only by the chimney"

The gas chamber was certainly visible from the watchtowers, according to the witness. "I saw security guards stand there." When the newcomers were asked about the purpose of the buildings that were the gas chamber and the crematorium, they were informed that "the path of freedom passes only through the chimney". But the real plot, "crushing the people, closing the door, filling the poison: I did not see it." He knew, however, that later, "the gas chamber was in full swing".

According to the witness, he and all his family were in hiding during the Second World War. As a scout, he had himself destroyed German ads such as posters. After denouncing someone, the whole family was arrested and taken to a Warsaw prison. There, he had seen how, every day, at dawn, prisoners had come out of their cells and "that they were shot down.The stay was inhuman and scary, incredible."

Marek Dunin-Wasowicz was harassed by SS men

Later, he was taken to Stutthof with his family. "My life in the camp was closely related to my brother, he took care of me like a father around his child." He worked for a while as a shoemaker and then sewed together as a weaver and, for example, , in military backpack. "This work was relatively easy."

But later, he had to cut down trees and pull their roots from the ground. "It was my worst work, the most tragic, it was inhuman work, we were constantly pushed to work and supervised by uniformed SS." His life in Stutthof "would have a bad end, if it was not. was a coincidence, "recalls the 93-year-old.

Stutthof concentration camp doctor's help

Sunday afternoon, they had free time. One of these Sundays he had met a doctor whom he had known for a long time in the Warsaw prison. The doctor was shocked by his unhealthy appearance and said, "They will destroy you soon." You are a shadow of yourself.

The doctor had advised him to do something to get to the hospital, after which the doctor would help him. "I dropped a tree trunk on my foot." As a result, he was bruised and hospitalized and could not work for several weeks.

Counting the calls in the concentration camp: hours of torture

Every day, says Marek Dunin-Wasowicz, there were summonses in the concentration camp "how many were there." One time, it turned out that someone had tried to get into the camp. Then we stayed awake all night, until the refugee was caught, the calls were another test, we stayed there for hours. "The block supervisors looked after us. He also witnessed the flogging of a prisoner, as well as public executions on the gallows.

In one case, two young Russians were hanged. They had been led to a scaffold, they had passed a noose in the neck. "We were called," brothers, do not worry, "Soon, the Russian army will come to avenge our death." Then a mechanism was put in place "and they were hanged". In another case, the mechanism failed. Then, an SS man approached the convict and "shot" him.

Jews gassed in narrow gauge railroad cars

He also saw people severely weakened by famine and fatigue being thrown into barracks "like rubbish", "without water, without food" to die there. The crematorium was at Stutthof from the beginning. The gas chamber was built later. Up to 30 people at the same time could have been gassed there. To execute a death sentence, the detainees were arrested by SS.

According to his stories, he knew that other methods had been sought, namely "how can one gass prisoners" than in the actual gas chamber. One solution from the SS's point of view was the construction of a narrow-gauge railway leading to the concentration camp area. A car had looked like a passenger. "The Jews were politely invited in to be transported to another camp, then the doors were closed and gassed."