Bomb deterrent, master of the demolition or Tigerbändiger? According to statistics, the most dangerous professions in the world are completely different. However, these have different approaches. What is the significance of the most known evaluations?
Every job has risks – but some are more dangerous than others. We reviewed two statistics and discussed with an expert on validity.
The most dangerous professions in the world
In 2016, the US Department of Labor Statistics (BLS), the Center for Disease Control (CDC), the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) collected their own data as well as various professional organizations to identify the most dangerous professions in the world. It has turned out that many areas can be dangerous: health care, transportation, agriculture, public service and, most importantly, construction.
Overall, the evaluation resulted in the following ranking:
Number of deaths: 135.9 *
Injuries: 2,449 *
Death: 86 *
- Pilot / Aeronautical Engineer / Aircraft Mechanic
Death: 55.5 *
Injuries: 466 *
Number of deaths: 48.6 *
- waste collector
Number of deaths: 34.1 *
Injuries: 2,702 *
Death: 25.1 *
Injuries: 2,158 *
Number of deaths: 24.7 *
Injuries: 2,828 *
Death: 23.1 *
Injuries: 28 *
- construction worker
Death: 18 *
Injuries: 1,060 *
Death: 17.4 *
Injuries: 1,316 *
* Figures per 100,000 workers
Statistics show how many workers in the world have died while doing their job.
The most dangerous jobs because of the long-term consequences
However, this list does not list the long-term health consequences that may result from work. Jörg Feldmann, spokesperson for the Federal Institute for Safety and Health at Work, good-btp.com, explains that many jobs lead to significant physical wear. For example, in older people, tilers often experience severe pain and limit the mobility of the spine and knees.
The long-term consequences usually only appear after several years or at an advanced age. In part, the high risk to health can be represented by the number of workers receiving a disability pension. When calculating late health consequences, the following classification results are obtained:
- Bergmann (mining professions in general)
- Meat and sausage maker
- layers of soil
- floor tile
- Plasterer, stucco
- Blaster / Sprengberechtiger
- construction workers
- Stauer (dockers helping with loading and unloading)
These types of work can lead to accidents at work and occupational diseases that make it impossible to perform a professional activity and, if necessary, lead to premature death.
Pay attention to proportionality
In addition to late health consequences, another factor is also involved in the problem of such an assessment: the number of workers who perform this activity. The magazine "Compensation and Working Conditions", which had already attempted in 1997 to make a statement on the most deadly jobs in the world, called to illustrate the problem, the job profile of the coach of # 39; elephants:
- There are few workers in the world known as elephant trainers. If a coach is killed while working with an elephant, this dramatically increases the number of deaths within the profession. In the evaluation of the most deadly occupations, this activity is not listed because of the small number of people. If there are more deaths, the number drops to 0, which would make the elephant coach job one of the safest occupations.
- The elephant trainer job title is highly variable. It can be exercised on the one hand by breeders, on the other hand by artists and actors. Again, these professional classifications include other workers who are not concerned with elephants.
In addition to late effects in statistics, proportionality must also be taken into account. It is certain that you are with some Preventive measures of certain occupational diseases and reduce the health risks in your work.